What is a spur gear?

Spur gears are the most easily visualized common gears that transmit motion between two parallel shafts. Because of the shape, they are classified as a type of cylindrical gears. Because the tooth surfaces of the gears are parallel to the axes of the installed shafts, there is no thrust force produced in the axial direction. Also, due to the simple production, these gears could be made to a high degree of precision. However, spur gears have a disadvantage for the reason that they easily make noise. Generally speaking, when two spur gears are in mesh, the gear with more tooth is named the “gear” and the one with the smaller Taper Lock Pulley number of tooth is named the “pinion”.

The unit to point the sizes of spur gears is commonly stated, as specified by ISO, to be “module”. In recent years, it is normal to set the pressure angle to 20 degrees. In commercial machinery, it really is most common to use a portion of an involute curve as the tooth profile.

Even though not really limited by spur gears, profile shifted gears are utilized when it is necessary to adjust the guts distance slightly or even to strengthen the gear teeth. They are produced by adjusting the range between your gear cutting tool called the hobbing device and the apparatus in the creation stage. When the shift is certainly positive, the bending strength of the gear increases, while a negative shift somewhat reduces the center distance. The backlash is the play between the the teeth when two gears are meshed and is needed for the clean rotation of gears. When the backlash is too large, it leads to improved vibration and noise as the backlash that is too small leads to tooth failing due to the lack of lubrication.

All KHK spur gears possess an involute tooth shape. Put simply, they are involute gears using part of the involute curve as their tooth forms. Looking generally, the involute shape may be the most wide-spread equipment tooth form due to, among other reasons, the capability to absorb small center distance errors, very easily made production equipment simplify manufacturing, thicker roots of one’s teeth make it strong, etc. Tooth shape is often referred to as a specification in drawing of a spur equipment as indicated by the elevation of teeth. In addition to standard complete depth teeth, extended addendum and stub tooth profiles can be found.


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