Gearbox Worm Drive

Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer
High-efficiency, high-power double-enveloping worm reducer
Overview
Technical Info
Low friction coefficient on the gearing for high efficiency.
Powered by long-enduring worm gears.
Minimum speed fluctuation with low noise and low vibration.
Lightweight and compact relative to its high load capacity.
The structural strength of our cast iron, Heavy-duty Correct angle (HdR) series worm gearbox is because of how we double up the bearings on the input shaft. HdR series reducers can be found in speed ratios ranging from 5:1 to 60:1 with imperial center distances which range from 1.33 to 3.25 inches. Also, our gearboxes are supplied with a brass spring loaded breather connect and come pre-stuffed with Mobil SHC634 synthetic gear oil.
Gearbox Worm Drive hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A More AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
Introduction
Worm reducers have already been the go-to solution for right-angle power transmitting for generations. Touted because of their low-cost and robust construction, worm reducers could be
found in almost every industrial environment requiring this kind of transmission. However, they are inefficient at slower speeds and higher reductions, produce a lot of heat, take up a whole lot of space, and require regular maintenance.
Fortunately, there can be an alternative to worm gear pieces: the hypoid gear. Typically found in automotive applications, gearmotor companies have begun integrating hypoid gearing into right-position gearmotors to solve the issues that occur with worm reducers. Obtainable in smaller general sizes and higher decrease potential, hypoid gearmotors have a broader selection of possible uses than their worm counterparts. This not merely allows heavier torque loads to become transferred at higher efficiencies, nonetheless it opens opportunities for applications where space can be a limiting factor. They can sometimes be costlier, however the savings in efficiency and maintenance are really worth it.
The next analysis is targeted towards engineers specifying worm gearmotors in the number of 1/50 to 3 horsepower, and in applications where speed and torque are controlled.
How do Worm Gears and Hypoid Gears Differ?
In a worm gear established there are two components: the input worm, and the output worm gear. The worm can be a screw-like equipment, that rotates perpendicular to its corresponding worm gear (Figure 1). For instance, in a worm gearbox with a 5:1 ratio, the worm will finish five revolutions as the output worm gear is only going to complete one. With a higher ratio, for instance 60:1, the worm will finish 60 revolutions per one output revolution. It really is this fundamental arrangement that triggers the inefficiencies in worm reducers.
Worm Gear Set
To rotate the worm gear, the worm only encounters sliding friction. There is absolutely no rolling element of the tooth contact (Figure 2).
Sliding Friction
In high reduction applications, such as for example 60:1, you will see a sizable amount of sliding friction due to the high number of input revolutions required to spin the output equipment once. Low input acceleration applications have problems with the same friction problem, but for a different cause. Since there exists a large amount of tooth contact, the initial energy to start rotation is greater than that of a comparable hypoid reducer. When powered at low speeds, the worm requires more energy to continue its movement along the worm gear, and a lot of that energy is lost to friction.
Hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A FAR MORE AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
However, hypoid gear sets consist of the input hypoid equipment, and the output hypoid bevel equipment (Figure 3).
Hypoid Gear Set
The hypoid gear established is a hybrid of bevel and worm gear technologies. They experience friction losses because of the meshing of the gear teeth, with reduced sliding included. These losses are minimized using the hypoid tooth pattern that allows torque to end up being transferred efficiently and evenly over the interfacing areas. This is what gives the hypoid reducer a mechanical advantage over worm reducers.
How Much Does Performance Actually Differ?
One of the biggest complications posed by worm equipment sets is their lack of efficiency, chiefly in high reductions and low speeds. Normal efficiencies can vary from 40% to 85% for ratios of 60:1 to 10:1 respectively. Conversely, hypoid equipment sets are typically 95% to 99% efficient (Figure 4).
Worm vs Hypoid Efficiency
“Break-In” Period
Regarding worm gear sets, they don’t run at peak efficiency until a specific “break-in” period has occurred. Worms are typically made of metal, with the worm gear being made of bronze. Since bronze can be a softer metal it is proficient at absorbing weighty shock loads but does not operate efficiently until it’s been work-hardened. The heat produced from the friction of regular operating conditions really helps to harden the surface of the worm gear.
With hypoid gear pieces, there is no “break-in” period; they are usually made from steel which has recently been carbonitride temperature treated. This enables the drive to use at peak efficiency from the moment it is installed.
Why is Efficiency Important?
Efficiency is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing a gearmotor. Since many have a very long service life, choosing a high-efficiency reducer will reduce costs related to procedure and maintenance for a long time to come. Additionally, a more efficient reducer allows for better reduction capability and usage of a motor that
consumes less electrical power. One stage worm reducers are usually limited to ratios of 5:1 to 60:1, while hypoid gears have a decrease potential of 5:1 up to 120:1. Typically, hypoid gears themselves only go up to reduction ratios of 10:1, and the excess reduction is supplied by another type of gearing, such as helical.
Minimizing Costs
Hypoid drives may have an increased upfront cost than worm drives. This is often attributed to the excess processing techniques necessary to create hypoid gearing such as for example machining, heat treatment, and special grinding methods. Additionally, hypoid gearboxes typically utilize grease with severe pressure additives rather than oil that may incur higher costs. This price difference is composed for over the lifetime of the gearmotor because of increased overall performance and reduced maintenance.
An increased efficiency hypoid reducer will eventually waste much less energy and maximize the energy getting transferred from the motor to the driven shaft. Friction is definitely wasted energy that requires the form of temperature. Since worm gears generate more friction they run much hotter. In many cases, utilizing a hypoid reducer eliminates the necessity for cooling fins on the engine casing, additional reducing maintenance costs that might be required to keep the fins clean and dissipating high temperature properly. A assessment of motor surface temperature between worm and hypoid gearmotors can be found in Figure 5.
In testing the two gearmotors had equally sized motors and carried the same load; the worm gearmotor produced 133 in-lb of torque while the hypoid gearmotor produced 204 in-lb of torque. This difference in torque is due to the inefficiencies of the worm reducer. The electric motor surface temperature of both models began at 68°F, space temperature. After 100 moments of operating time, the temperature of both models started to level off, concluding the test. The difference in temperature at this stage was significant: the worm device reached a surface temperature of 151.4°F, as the hypoid unit just reached 125.0°F. A difference around 26.4°F. Despite getting run by the same engine, the worm unit not only produced less torque, but also wasted more energy. Important thing, this can lead to a much heftier electric costs for worm users.
As previously stated and proven, worm reducers operate much hotter than equivalently rated hypoid reducers. This reduces the service life of these drives by placing extra thermal pressure on the lubrication, bearings, seals, and gears. After long-term exposure to high heat, these components can fail, and essential oil changes are imminent because of lubrication degradation.
Since hypoid reducers run cooler, there is little to no maintenance necessary to keep them working at peak performance. Oil lubrication is not needed: the cooling potential of grease is enough to guarantee the reducer will operate effectively. This eliminates the necessity for breather holes and any mounting constraints posed by oil lubricated systems. Additionally it is not necessary to replace lubricant since the grease is meant to last the life time use of the gearmotor, eliminating downtime and increasing productivity.
More Power in a Smaller Package
Smaller sized motors can be utilized in hypoid gearmotors because of the more efficient transfer of energy through the gearbox. Occasionally, a 1 horsepower electric motor traveling a worm reducer can create the same result as a comparable 1/2 horsepower motor traveling a hypoid reducer. In one study by Nissei Company, both a worm and hypoid reducer had been compared for make use of on an equivalent program. This study fixed the decrease ratio of both gearboxes to 60:1 and compared motor power and result torque as it linked to power drawn. The analysis concluded that a 1/2 HP hypoid gearmotor can be utilized to provide similar efficiency to a 1 HP worm gearmotor, at a fraction of the electrical price. A final result showing a evaluation of torque and power intake was prepared (Figure 6).
Worm vs Hypoid Power Consumption
With this decrease in motor size, comes the benefit to use these drives in more applications where space is a constraint. Due to the way the axes of the gears intersect, worm gears consider up more space than hypoid gears (Physique 7).
Worm vs Hypoid Axes
Coupled with the capability to use a smaller motor, the entire footprint of the hypoid gearmotor is much smaller sized than that of a similar worm gearmotor. This also makes working environments safer since smaller sized gearmotors pose a lower threat of interference (Figure 8).
Worm vs Hypoid Footprint Compairson
Another benefit of hypoid gearmotors is usually that they are symmetrical along their centerline (Determine 9). Worm gearmotors are asymmetrical and lead to machines that aren’t as aesthetically satisfying and limit the amount of possible mounting positions.
Worm vs Hypoid Shape Comparison
In motors of the same power, hypoid drives significantly outperform their worm counterparts. One essential requirement to consider is that hypoid reducers can move loads from a dead stop with more relieve than worm reducers (Determine 10).
Worm vs Hypoid Allowable Inertia
Additionally, hypoid gearmotors can transfer considerably more torque than worm gearmotors above a 30:1 ratio due to their higher efficiency (Figure 11).
Worm vs Hypoid Result Torque
Both comparisons, of allowable inertia and torque produced, were performed using equally sized motors with both hypoid and worm reducers. The results in both studies are clear: hypoid reducers transfer power more effectively.
The Hypoid Gear Advantage
As proven throughout, the benefits of hypoid reducers speak for themselves. Their style allows them to run more efficiently, cooler, and offer higher reduction ratios in comparison with worm reducers. As tested using the studies presented throughout, hypoid gearmotors can handle higher preliminary inertia loads and transfer more torque with a smaller motor when compared to a comparable worm gearmotor.
This can result in upfront savings by allowing the user to buy a smaller motor, and long-term savings in electrical and maintenance costs.
This also allows hypoid gearmotors to be a much better option in space-constrained applications. As demonstrated, the entire footprint and symmetric style of hypoid gearmotors makes for a more aesthetically pleasing style while improving workplace safety; with smaller sized, much less cumbersome gearmotors there is a smaller potential for interference with employees or machinery. Clearly, hypoid gearmotors will be the best choice for long-term cost benefits and reliability compared to worm gearmotors.
Brother Gearmotors offers a family group of gearmotors that increase operational efficiencies and reduce maintenance requirements and downtime. They offer premium efficiency models for long-term energy financial savings. Besides being highly efficient, its hypoid/helical gearmotors are small in size and sealed for life. They are light, dependable, and provide high torque at low velocity unlike their worm counterparts. They are completely sealed with an electrostatic coating for a high-quality finish that assures consistently tough, water-limited, chemically resistant units that withstand harsh circumstances. These gearmotors also have multiple regular specifications, options, and mounting positions to make sure compatibility.
Specifications
Material: 7005 aluminum equipment box, SAE 841 bronze worm gear, 303/304 stainless worm
Weight: 105.5 g per gear box
Size: 64 mm x 32 mm x 32 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Gear Ratios: 4:1
Notice: The helical spur gear attaches to 4.7 mm D-shaft diameter. The worm gear attaches to 6 mm or 4.7 mm D-shaft diameters.
Worm Gear Rate Reducers is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1.
8 Ratios Available from 5:1 to 60:1
7 Gear Box Sizes from 1.33 to 3.25″
Universally Interchangeable Design for OEM Replacement
Double Bearings Used on Both Shaft Ends
Anti-Rust Primer Applied Outside and inside Gearbox
Shaft Sleeve Protects All Shafts
S45C Carbon Steel Shafts
Flange Mount Models for 56C and 145TC Motors
Ever-Power A/S offers an extremely wide selection of worm gearboxes. Because of the modular design the standard programme comprises countless combinations when it comes to selection of gear housings, installation and connection options, flanges, shaft designs, kind of oil, surface remedies etc.
Sturdy and reliable
The design of the EP worm gearbox is simple and well proven. We just use high quality components such as houses in cast iron, aluminium and stainless, worms in case hardened and polished steel and worm tires in high-quality bronze of unique alloys ensuring the the best possible wearability. The seals of the worm gearbox are given with a dust lip which successfully resists dust and water. Furthermore, the gearboxes are greased for life with synthetic oil.
Large reduction 100:1 in a single step
As default the worm gearboxes allow for reductions of up to 100:1 in one single step or 10.000:1 in a double decrease. An equivalent gearing with the same equipment ratios and the same transferred power is definitely bigger when compared to a worm gearing. In the meantime, the worm gearbox can be in a far more simple design.
A double reduction may be composed of 2 regular gearboxes or as a particular gearbox.
Worm gearbox
Ratios
Maximum output torque
[Nm]
Housing design
Series 35
5:1 – 90:1
25
Aluminium
Series 42
5:1 – 75:1
50
Cast iron
Series 52
7:1 – 60:1
130
Cast iron
Series 61
7:1 – 100:1
200
Cast iron
Series 79
7:1 – 60:1
300
Cast iron
Series 99
7:1 – 100:1
890
Cast iron
Other product advantages of worm gearboxes in the EP-Series:
Compact design
Compact design is among the key words of the standard gearboxes of the EP-Series. Further optimisation may be accomplished through the use of adapted gearboxes or unique gearboxes.
Low noise
Our worm gearboxes and actuators are really quiet. This is because of the very smooth working of the worm equipment combined with the utilization of cast iron and high precision on component manufacturing and assembly. In connection with our precision gearboxes, we take extra care of any sound that can be interpreted as a murmur from the gear. Therefore the general noise level of our gearbox is usually reduced to a complete minimum.
Angle gearboxes
On the worm gearbox the input shaft and output shaft are perpendicular to each other. This often proves to be a decisive benefit making the incorporation of the gearbox significantly simpler and smaller sized.The worm gearbox can be an angle gear. This is often an edge for incorporation into constructions.
Solid bearings in solid housing
The output shaft of the EP worm gearbox is very firmly embedded in the apparatus house and is well suited for direct suspension for wheels, movable arms and other parts rather than having to build a separate suspension.
Self locking
For larger equipment ratios, Ever-Power worm gearboxes provides a self-locking effect, which in lots of situations can be used as brake or as extra protection. Also spindle gearboxes with a trapezoidal spindle are self-locking, making them ideal for an array of solutions.

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As one of leading manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of mechanical products in China, We offer reducers, sprockets, industrial and conveyor chain, belts, pulleys, gears, racks, gearboxes, motors, PTO Shafts, taper lock Bushing, vacuum Pumps, screw air compressors and many other products. Please contact us for details.

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