epicyclic gearbox

Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion can be in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical connection to the electric motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between your sunlight pinion and the band gear. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets may also vary. As the amount of planetary gears increases, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the amount of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just area of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The advantage of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. It is therefore feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact style using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear includes a constant size, different ratios could be realized by various the amount of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun gear, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary stages in series in the same band gear. In this instance, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a band gear that’s not fixed but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to repair the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in lots of regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios may also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options because of mixture of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox in which parallel shafts and gears arrangement from manual equipment box are replaced with more compact and more reliable sun and planetary type of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power teach is replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which produced the transmission automatic.
The thought of epicyclic gear box is taken from the solar system which is considered to the perfect arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Reverse, Drive, Sport) modes which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears according to the require of the drive.
Ever-Power Planetary Equipment Motors are an inline alternative providing high torque at low speeds. Our Planetary Gear Motors offer a high efficiency and offer excellent torque output when compared to other types of equipment motors. They can handle a different load with minimal backlash and are best for intermittent duty procedure. With endless decrease ratio choices, voltages, and sizes, Ever-Power Products has a fully tailored gear motor solution for you.
A Planetary Gear Motor from Ever-Power Products features among our numerous kinds of DC motors in conjunction with among our uniquely designed epicyclic or planetary gearheads. A planetary gearhead consists of an interior gear (sun gear) that drives multiple outer gears (planet gears) generating torque. Multiple contact points over the planetary gear train permits higher torque generation compared to one of our spur gear motors. In turn, an Ever-Power planetary gear motor has the ability to handle numerous load requirements; the more equipment stages (stacks), the higher the load distribution and torque transmitting.
Features and Benefits
High Torque Capabilities
Sleek Inline Design
High Efficiency
Capability to Handle Large Reduction Ratios
High Power Density
Applications
Our Planetary Gear Motors deliver exceptional torque result and performance in a compact, low noise style. These characteristics in addition to our value-added features makes Ever-Power s equipment motors a great choice for all motion control applications.
Robotics
Industrial Automation
Dental Chairs
Rotary Tables
Pool Chair Lifts
Exam Room Tables
Massage Chairs
Packaging Eqipment
Labeling Eqipment
Laser Cutting Machines
Industrial Textile Machinery
Conveying Systems
Test & Measurement Equipment
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur equipment takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is one way planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In nearly all cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion is certainly in the heart of the ring equipment, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical connection to the engine shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the ring equipment. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the tranny ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears boosts, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque which can be transmitted. Increasing the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just section of the total result has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary gear is incredibly efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to a single spur gear lies in this load distribution. It is therefore possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact style using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios could be realized by different the number of teeth of sunlight gear and the amount of the teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun equipment, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage can be approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary levels in series in the same band gear. In this instance, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that’s not set but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to repair the drive shaft to be able to pick up the torque via the ring equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in many areas of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High tranny ratios can also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in commercial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options because of mixture of several planet stages
Ideal as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that section of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
On the surface, it may seem that gears are being “reduced” in quantity or size, which is partially true. Whenever a rotary machine such as an engine or electrical motor needs the output speed decreased and/or torque increased, gears are commonly utilized to accomplish the required result. Gear “reduction” particularly refers to the speed of the rotary machine; the rotational swiftness of the rotary machine is “decreased” by dividing it by a gear ratio greater than 1:1. A gear ratio greater than 1:1 is usually achieved whenever a smaller equipment (reduced size) with fewer number of teeth meshes and drives a more substantial gear with greater quantity of teeth.
Gear reduction has the opposite effect on torque. The rotary machine’s result torque is improved by multiplying the torque by the gear ratio, less some effectiveness losses.
While in many applications gear decrease reduces speed and improves torque, in various other applications gear decrease is used to improve acceleration and reduce torque. Generators in wind generators use gear decrease in this manner to convert a comparatively slow turbine blade swiftness to a high speed capable of producing electricity. These applications make use of gearboxes that are assembled opposing of those in applications that decrease velocity and increase torque.
How is gear reduction achieved? Many reducer types can handle attaining gear decrease including, but not limited to, parallel shaft, planetary and right-position worm gearboxes. In parallel shaft gearboxes (or reducers), a pinion equipment with a certain number of teeth meshes and drives a more substantial gear with a lot more teeth. The “decrease” or equipment ratio is calculated by dividing the number of tooth on the large gear by the number of teeth on the small gear. For instance, if a power motor drives a 13-tooth pinion gear that meshes with a 65-tooth equipment, a reduced amount of 5:1 can be achieved (65 / 13 = 5). If the electric motor speed is 3,450 rpm, the gearbox reduces this rate by five times to 690 rpm. If the engine torque is definitely 10 lb-in, the gearbox raises this torque by one factor of five to 50 lb-in (before subtracting out gearbox performance losses).
Parallel shaft gearboxes often contain multiple gear units thereby increasing the gear reduction. The full total gear reduction (ratio) depends upon multiplying each individual gear ratio from each equipment set stage. If a gearbox contains 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1 gear models, the full total ratio is 60:1 (3 x 4 x 5 = 60). Inside our example above, the 3,450 rpm electric motor would have its speed reduced to 57.5 rpm by using a 60:1 gearbox. The 10 lb-in electric motor torque would be risen to 600 lb-in (before performance losses).
If a pinion equipment and its mating equipment have the same number of teeth, no decrease occurs and the gear ratio is 1:1. The gear is called an idler and its major function is to change the path of rotation rather than decrease the speed or increase the torque.
Calculating the gear ratio in a planetary gear reducer is less intuitive as it is dependent upon the number of teeth of the sun and band gears. The earth gears act as idlers and don’t affect the apparatus ratio. The planetary gear ratio equals the sum of the amount of teeth on the sun and ring equipment divided by the amount of teeth on the sun gear. For example, a planetary set with a 12-tooth sun gear and 72-tooth ring gear has a gear ratio of 7:1 ([12 + 72]/12 = 7). Planetary gear units can perform ratios from about 3:1 to about 11:1. If more gear reduction is necessary, additional planetary stages may be used.
The gear decrease in a right-angle worm drive would depend on the number of threads or “starts” on the worm and the number of teeth on the mating worm wheel. If the worm has two begins and the mating worm wheel provides 50 the teeth, the resulting gear ratio is 25:1 (50 / 2 = 25).
Whenever a rotary machine such as for example an engine or electric electric motor cannot provide the desired output acceleration or torque, a equipment reducer may provide a great choice. Parallel shaft, planetary, right-position worm drives are common gearbox types for achieving gear reduction. Contact Groschopp today with all your gear reduction questions.

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